Ubuntu Installation Options
Ubuntu has many, many installation options.
We’ll have a quick look through them, then understand the ones that will be covered in the course.
If you go to https://help.ubuntu.com/community/installation, you’ll be able to have a look at the possible options as we go through them.
We’ll discuss system requirements in the next lesson.
A Standard Installation involves downloading a LiveCD image from Ubuntu’s site. You then burn it to a DVD then boot to it.
A live CD lets you try Ubuntu with out installing it, then install it later if you choose to.
Alternate installations cover various methods of installing without having to boot to a DVD.
- You can install (Quick or Normal) from USB,
- Use iso2usb,
- Use a Smart Boot Manager,
- Install within Windows using Wubi,
- Install with Floppies (anyone remember or know what those are?),
- Install from Existing Linux,
- Install a Virtual Machine, or
- Install a Portable installed system booting from Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) and Basic Input Output System (BIOS)
Server and Network Installations are possible.
- Local Network
- Netboot Install From Internet
- Network Console
- On Network File System (NFS) Drive
- On NFS Drive with Local Boot
- Quick Install over Secure Shell (SSH)
- Install with Floppies – Again with the Floppies!
Installing on External or Redundant Array of Independant Disks (RAID) Hard Disks
Various options are supported, but will not be covered in this course.
Logical Volume Manager (LVM) Installation
Various methods are supported, but will not be covered in this course.
Ubuntu runs on a wide range of hardware, including some very old systems that may be collecting dust in your basement.
If you want to run on one of these, a minimal install may be a good option for you.
Once the installation process is started for any of the interactive methods, the process is very similar.
We’ll do an Ubuntu Server 16.04 install and an Ubuntu Desktop 16.04 install to VirtualBox. This will create a VirtualBox VM which will be used throughout the course.
I chose VirtualBox because it is free, easy to use virtualization software.
It lets you run other operating systems in an application running on your computer.
AMD64 images should work if you’re using VirtualBox. If you have trouble with that, try an i386 based image.
You can browse to https://www.ubuntu.com/download to find the appropriate version for your needs.
Please download an LTS version for server and desktop as we’ll be using both.