CD/DVD Installation Methods
In this lesson, we’ll discuss what you need to do a hardware install of Ubuntu.
When you download the files you need to install Ubuntu from the web site, they come in the form of an image. An iso image.
An iso image is basically an archive file of an optical disk (CD or DVD). In order to use the image, you have to burn it to a CD or DVD, or copy it to a USB in a certain way. You can’t simply copy the image like you would any other file, and have it work.
For burning to a CD or DVD, you’ll have to use a utility specifically for image burning.
Windows Disk Image Burner – Windows 7 has one built in. You can just right click your .iso file and select Burn Image.
For other versions of Windows, you’ll have to install your own.
Please go to https://ninite.com and download an .iso burner from their Utilities section. You could use ImgBurn, CDBurnerXP, or InfraRecorder. I’ll use ImgBurn in this tutorial.
Be sure you DON’T download any of those from other sources. If you’re not very, very careful, you’ll be getting malware packaged in with the file you download.
Files hosted on Ninite are malware free.
Select ImgBurn (and any other software you find interesting) on Ninite’s main site.
Click on Get Your Ninite.
The files you chose will be bundled into one clean installer file for you and downloaded.
After that’s complete, double click on the file to install your application(s).
If prompted, enter your credentials to complete the installation.
Once you’ve installed ImgBurn, open it.
In a Web Browser, browse to ubuntu.com/download and select Server or Desktop (latest Long Term Support (LTS) release) and download your .iso image if you have not already done so.
Bring ImgBurn up again and select Write image file to disc.
Click on the icon with the folder and magnifying glass under Source and browse to your downloaded file. I’m using an Ubuntu Server image in this example.
Insert a writeable CD or DVD into your burner.
Click on the image to CD icon near the bottom of the ImgBurn window.
I was prompted to format the DVD. If you are prompted to format, use caution, as you may be overwriting previous data if you have a writeable CD or DVD.
After the burn, ImgBurn will attempt to close the drive after it was ejected, so it can verify that the burn was successful. In my case, since this was done on a laptop, this will not work. I have to manually close the drive so the verification can happen.
Close the drive and click on OK.
ImgBurn will make sure there are no errors on the burned CD or DVD.
Click on OK for Operation Successfully Completed and label your CD or DVD with a permanent marker if you want to keep it.
If you browse to the newly created CD or DVD, you’ll see the file structure created in the burn.
It includes a boot folder, which will be used during boot, and other folders the system will look for as it installs Ubuntu on your computer.
MAC OS X
On MAC OS X, the process is similar, but you’ll use MAC specific software to burn the image.
I don’t have a burner, so I can’t test this, but there’s a link to an OSXDaily.com article below that says it can be done natively in MAC OS X El Capitan, and I assume newer versions of OS X.
Please find the link below and let me know if you have any issues.
Before you can use the image you created to install Ubuntu from, you’ll likely have to make a change to your BIOS which will be covered in the lesson after USB Drives.
Next, we’ll learn how to do the same process with a USB Drive.